Dictionary of Jewish Words (A JPS Guide)

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Gift Certificates. Made In Israel. Related Products Who's Who in the Jewish Bible. Category Index. Product Index. New Arrivals. On Sale! The Jewish study Bible : Jewish Publication Society Tanakh translation by Jewish Publication Society Book 10 editions published between and in English and held by WorldCat member libraries worldwide A modern translation of the Jewish Bible is accompanied by detailed annotations, maps, a glossary, and two dozen essays by esteemed biblical scholars on various aspects of the Hebrew scriptures.

The Jewish Study Bible by Adele Berlin Book 7 editions published between and in English and held by WorldCat member libraries worldwide "The Jewish Study Bible combines the entire Hebrew Bible--in the celebrated Jewish Publication Society TANAKH Translation--with explanatory notes, introductory materials, and essays by leading biblical scholars on virtually every aspect of the text, the world in which it was written, its interpretation, and its role in Jewish life.

The quality of scholarship, easy-to-navigate format, and vibrant supplementary features bring the ancient text to life"--Publisher's Web site. When students perceive the Torah as incomprehensible or irrelevant, many form the false impression that Judaism has nothing to say to them. The conversational tone is inviting and dignified, concise and substantial, direct and informative. The narrative summaries, "big" ideas, model divrei Torah, haftarot commentaries, and discussion questions will engage teens in studying the Torah and haftarot, in writing divrei Torah, and in continuing to learn Torah throughout their lives -- making it the book every rabbi, cantor, parent, and tutor will also want to have.

Jewish learning -- for young people and adults -- will never be the same"--Page 4 of cover. The JPS dictionary of Jewish words by Joyce Eisenberg Book 2 editions published in in English and held by WorldCat member libraries worldwide Over entries for Jewish holidays and life-cycle events, culture, history, the Bible and other sacred texts, and worship.

Each entry has a pronunciation guide and is cross-referenced to related terms. Gunther Plaut Book 5 editions published between and in English and held by WorldCat member libraries worldwide Here is an elegant, authoritative gift edition of the sacred Torah illustrated with Jewish art and iconography from around the world.

Ancient frescoes, medieval illuminated manuscripts, and paintings by contemporary Ethiopian Jewish artists in the Copic style grace these pages--making this an excellent gift for a child studying for the Bar or Bat Mitzvah. Includes full-color illustrations. The Holy Scriptures : the Holy Scriptures : the new JPS translation according to the traditional Hebrew text Book 1 edition published in in English and held by WorldCat member libraries worldwide An entirely original translation of the Holy Scriptures, made directly from the traditional Hebrew text into the language of contemporary English speakers.

God must like cookies, too by Carol Snyder Book 1 edition published in in English and held by WorldCat member libraries worldwide A young girl goes to temple with her grandmother, where she enjoys the Shabbat service and anxiously awaits the promised cookies she will have at the Oneg Shabbat after the service. The illustrated Torah : illustrated sidrot and haftarot Book 2 editions published in in English and held by WorldCat member libraries worldwide The Illustrated Torah is a project bringing together the work of Israeli artist , Michal Meron, and the curent translation of the Five Books of Moses by the Jewish Publication Society.

If a word has more than one definition, the appro- priate label precedes each definition. Different and distinct meanings are numbered as such. An example is baal teshuvah, a term for a man who returns to more stringent religious practices, and baalat teshuvah, his female counterpart.

As is the case with English, people often simply use the masculine word, no matter what the gender, even though it may be technically incorrect.

For some words, it is hard to distinguish if the word is Hebrew or Yiddish, because many Yiddish words have their roots in Hebrew. Often, pronunciation is the only difference.


Dictionary of Jewish Words

Pronunciation Word pronunciation appears in parentheses. In order to make our pronunciation guide user-friendly, we spelled out words phonetically. Definitions Almost every aspect of Judaism is open to interpretation and expla- nation—from how much, how often, and even how certain holidays are celebrated to who is considered a Jew and by whose standards. Their Hanukkah delicacy is the potato latke. We define many words from our own particular perspectives— that is, modern,American, liberal, matriarchal, and from Conservative and Reform backgrounds.

We assume, therefore, that women are par- ticipating equally in many of the rituals and customs we discuss. We made a careful, conscious decision to give this dictionary that slant. As the generation of Jewish immi- grants who spoke Yiddish as their daily language dies out, some of these Yiddish expressions are vanishing, too. Yiddish is no longer the common tongue of Jews in the Diaspora. Happily for those of us with Yiddish-speaking grandparents, these words may be familiar.

Other Yiddish words live on, having made their way into main- stream English slang. Out of all the resources we used, we found the following four books to be the most well written and easily understood; they are well worth a careful look. Jewish Literacy by Rabbi Joseph Telushkin is a thorough, compre- hensive volume that covers the Jewish religion, ethics, holidays, life- cycle events, Jewish history, and more. Al- though he writes from a semi-scholarly perspective, Rabbi Telushkin uses humor, anecdotes, and plain language to make the most difficult concepts, laws, and histories accessible to everyone.

It is a wonderful and easy read for those looking to learn more about Jewish customs, enlarge their own repertoire of holiday traditions, or even create some new family rituals. With explanations of common customs and traditions, as well as points of departure for further discussion, this book is use- ful for anyone interested in living a Jewish life in the 21st century. Each alphabetical listing includes a pronunciation guide, definition, background information, and anecdotes and jokes.

His enthusiasm alone might be enough to keep the Yiddish language alive.

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Einstein and Lydia Kukoff is a straightforward introduction to Judaism. Using Jewish holidays and life-cycle events as their template, the authors discuss the rituals and explore their underlying Jewish philosophies. In the chap- ter on Simchat Torah, for example, they write about the customs of the holiday as well as the meaning of the Torah itself. In the chapter on marriage, they discuss sex in the Jewish tradition. For the complete bibliography, turn to the back of the book.

JPS Dictionary of Jewish Words | Logos Bible Software

Adon Olam 1. A Aaron Older brother of Moses. Aaron was a leading figure in the Passover story and the Exodus from Egypt. He is generally thought to be the first high priest of the ancient Hebrews. Can we go to the playground now? Abraham One of the patriarchs of the Jewish people.

Abraham, the first to believe in one God monotheism , is acknowledged as the founder of Judaism. In Genesis, God chooses Abraham and com- mands him to go forth to a new land to be the father of a great na- tion. Abraham and his wife, Sarah, had a son, Isaac. Adar n. In leap years, when a second Adar is added, the first is called Adar I. Adar II n. Adonai n.

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The Hebrew letters yud, hay, vav, and hay that spell the name are read only as Adonai. See also Adoshem, ha-Shem, and Tetragrammaton. Adon Olam n. Adoshem n. Adonai is the word most often used in prayers; traditional Jews use the term ha-Shem when referring to God. On the seder table are three symbolic matzot cov- ered with a cloth. Following the text of the haggadah, the leader breaks the middle matzah in half and hides one half—the afikoman— somewhere in the house.

Dictionary of Jewish Words: A JPS Guide

Toward the end of the seder, it is traditional for the children to look for the afikoman. They are rewarded for its re- turn with a small toy or money. In some families, the children hide the afikoman and then demand a prize for its safe return. Without either a get, the Jewish divorce decree that a Jewish man must grant to his wife, or proof of his death, she cannot remarry, according to Jewish law.

While Orthodox and Conservative rabbis generally require a get, Reform and Reconstructionist rabbis do not. According to the Purim megillah, Ahasuerus was a foolish king who allowed his adviser, Haman, to hatch a plot against the Jews. He later took a Jewish girl, Esther, as his bride. Akdamut n. Akedah n. At the last moment, God stops Abraham from going through with the deed. Also called Akedat Yitzchak the Binding of Isaac. Akiva ben Joseph 50— C.

A rabbi and talmudic scholar who was considered one of the greatest teachers of Judaism. Accord- ing to legend, he was a shepherd who began his Jewish education late, at the age of 40, but his determination and love of learning proved him a natural scholar. He collected and arranged the whole Oral Law according to subjects, which laid the foundation for the editing of the Mishnah.

Many of his wise sayings and teachings about learning and Jewish law are contained in Pirke Avot. When Roman conquerors forbid the study of Torah, Akiva continued teaching. He then sup- ported Shimon bar Kokhba in his messianic revolt against the Ro- mans. His martyrdom is legendary. As he was tortured to death, he continued to recite the words to the Shema.